Bees found in Fiji – Carpenter bees (Xylocopa spp.)

Carpenter bees (Xylocopa spp. — 8 species) are the largest native bees in Fiji. These are WILD bees, and not kept by beekeepers.


  • Carpenter bees are the largest native bees at 15-24 mm long
  • Females have a glossy black abdomen and yellow fur on the thorax
  • Males are covered in yellow brown or olive fur including on the head

Life cycle and habits of carpenter bees


  • Tunnel into wood to lay eggs
  • Life cycle from egg – larva – pupa – adult takes approximately seven weeks
  • Larva is large and noisy
  • New adults emerge from the nest late August


  • Active — late-spring to mid-October
  • Nesting — they make tunnels in bare, untreated wood to lay their eggs
  • Old nests are used year after year
  • Location — around homes nests can be found in eaves, window trims, fascia boards, siding, decks and outdoor furniture
  • Feeding — feed on pollen and nectar; pollen is stored in the tunnels for over-wintering
  • Do not sting unless provoked
Fiji - Carpenter bees (Xylocopa spp.)
Fiji – Carpenter bees (Xylocopa spp.)
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